As the aerobic bacteria in the biofilm consume the oxygen in the pocket, the microbiological environment of the pocket is more suitable for dangerous anaerobic (no oxygen) bacteria. Biofilms grow rapidly and need to be managed every day. Brushing, flossing, and regularly scheduled professional cleanings are recommended. But if a biofilm takes root and is left unchecked, biofilms can damage the gums, teeth, and bone. Untreated biofilms may even damage your health.
The three main strategies for the control of biofilms include placing time-released antimicrobial medication below the gum line, placing oxidative agents below the gum line, and physically scraping the biofilm from the teeth and root surfaces. (JADA, August 2009). Dentists also have new laser options that may be appropriate for some patients. It’s important to talk to your doctor and hygienist about your conditions and treatment options. And it is important to treat the disease if you have it.